The image above is from an article in the November 1, 1954 issue of Life about textile print design titled "Mathematics by the Yard". Below are details of a few of the designs, plus a couple other math-inspired prints.
Pythagoras, 1952, designed by Sven Markelius (1889-1972), Ljunbergs currently produces this design
Pythagoras wall hanging, c. 1952, 53.5" x 48". Modern 50 $1,120 at time of post
Rain, 1953, designed by Alexander Girard, produced by Herman Miller (pictured behind girl in Life image)
Trapeze, c. 1950-1954, produced by Laverne Originals (pictured in orange-red colorway in Life image)
The designs below were not featured in the Life article, but have a mathematic feel.
Abacus, 1951, designed by Paul Rand (1914-1996), produced by L. Anton Maix, Inc.
Equilibrium, 1972, designed by Gabrielle Fountain, produced by Heals of London